The Parthenon is the most famous building in the Acropolis, one of the most famous buildings in the world, and one of the best places to visit in Athens. It was built to honour the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (the patron of Athens), and has since served as both a Christian Church and an Islamic Mosque. Since 1975 the Parthenon has gone (and is still going) through extensive renovation and so when you visit the Parthenon you will more than likely see scaffolding.
Within the Acropolis site you can also visit The Odeon of Herodes Atticus, an ancient theatre on the south western slope of the Acropolis of Athens. It was built by Herodes Atticus in 161 AD, in memory of his dead wife, and seated 5000 for music concerts until it was destroyed in 267 AD. It was restored in the 1950s and continues to be a popular music concert venues, with performers such as Frank Sinatra, Nana Mouskouri, Pavarotti, and Andrea Bocelli. One of the best things to do in Athens is to see a concert here!
There is also the Theatre of Dionysus on the south slope of the Acropolis, dedicated to the Greek God of drama. It is easy to imagine watching one of the first classical Greek plays as you sit on the stone seating.
To visit the Acropolis and the slopes, tickets are 20€ for a single-use ticket or 30€ for a combined ticket which covers the Acropolis and its slopes, the Ancient Agora, the Roman Agora, Hadrian’s Library, Olympieion, Kerameikos, and Aristotle’s School, and lasts for 5 days. Get your tickets here.
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